Hypertension is a condition in which the force of the blood against the artery walls is too high. Hypertension may be primary, which may develop as a result of environmental or genetic causes, or secondary, which has multiple etiologies, including renal, vascular, and endocrine causes. Primary or essential hypertension accounts for 90-95% of adult cases, and secondary hypertension accounts for 2-10% of cases. Hypertension is a major risk factor for stroke, myocardial infarction, vascular disease, and chronic kidney disease.
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